Cold War Eastern Europe provides access to thousands of files from the political departments of the U.K. Foreign Office responsible for dealing with and reporting on the Soviet Union and the socialist states of Eastern Europe during the Cold War. Sourced entirely from The National Archives, U.K., the files provide a uniquely comprehensive, English-language history of post-Stalinist Eastern Europe.

The Foreign Office, along with its embassies and consulates throughout the region, was interested in every aspect of the political, economic, cultural, social, and dissident life behind the Iron Curtain. They consequently reported on a hugely diverse range of issues, from state leadership to protest movements; agricultural output to international trade agreements; scientific progress to minority populations; religion to sporting events; and state-run media to popular culture. They also provided reports on, and in some cases eyewitness accounts of, key milestones of the Cold War, such as the Hungarian Revolution, Khrushchev's "Secret Speech", and the building of the Berlin Wall.

Cold War Eastern Europe provides in-depth coverage of the following countries:

  • Albania
  • Bulgaria
  • Czechoslovakia
  • East Germany and Berlin
  • Hungary
  • Poland
  • Romania
  • Soviet Union
  • Yugoslavia

Document Types

Cold War Eastern Europe provides access to a diverse range of primary sources, including:

  • Administrative Records
  • Correspondence
  • Financial Records
  • Legal and Treaty Material
  • Meeting Minutes
  • Memoranda
  • Miscellany
  • Parliamentary and Official Government Material
  • Press and Media
  • Print Publications
  • Reports
  • Speeches and Public Statements
  • Visual Media

Key Themes

  • Border Security and Migration
  • Dissent, Resistance, and Human Rights
  • Domestic Politics
  • Economics and Trade
  • Embassy and Consulate Administration
  • Industry and Agriculture
  • International Relations
  • Key Events
  • Media and Culture
  • Military
  • Populations and Social Policy
  • Religion
  • Science and Technology
  • Second World War Aftermath
  • Secret Intelligence and Espionage
  • Sport, Leisure, and Tourism
  • Youth and Education

The material is predominantly in English, but does contain some original content in other languages, including Russian, German, French, and the languages of Eastern Europe.

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