Timeline

Year Month Event
1953
February  Formation of the Balkan Pact
March Death of Josef Stalin
April Soviet "Peace Offensive"
June Arrest of Lavrentii Beriya
June 17 uprising in East Germany
July Signature of the Korean Armistice Agreement
September  Election of Nikita Khrushchev as First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
December Execution of Lavrentii Beriya
1954
March
Formation of the K.G.B.
Soviet recognition of East German sovereignty
April
Defection of Vladimir Petrov from the Soviet Union
Geneva Conference
October Signature of the Paris Accords, allowing the accession of West Germany to NATO and the end of the Allied occupation of West Germany
1955
February Resignation of Georgii Malenkov as Premier of the Soviet Union
May Formation of the Warsaw Pact
June  Belgrade Declaration
July Geneva Summit
Shooting down of El Al Flight 402 over Bulgaria
November Nikita Khrushchev's tour to Afghanistan, India, and Burma
1956
February  Twentieth Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and Khrushchev's "Secret Speech"
June Poznań uprising
July Declaration of Brioni
August Banning of the Communist Party of Germany in West Germany
October Hungarian Uprising
Polish October
Suez Crisis
1957
January  Appointment of Harold Macmillan as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
October Launch of Sputnik 1
November Launch of Sputnik 2
1958
March  Appointment of Nikita Khrushchev as Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union
June Execution of Imre Nagy for treason
November Start of the Berlin Crisis
1959
  Start of the Sino-Soviet split
February Harold Macmillan's visit to Moscow
September Nikita Khrushchev's visit to the United States of America
1960
May  U-2 spy plane incident
July Shooting down of a United States Air Force RB-47 Stratojet
1961
April First manned space flight by Yurii Gagarin
June Meeting of John F. Kennedy and Nikita Khrushchev at the Vienna summit
August
Beginning of the construction of the Berlin Wall
Twenty-Second Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Beginning of the standoff at Checkpoint Charlie between American and Soviet tanks
October Soviet detonation of the Tsar Bomba, the most powerful nuclear device ever tested
1962
August Expulsion of Mátyas Rákosi and Ernő Gerő from the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party
October
Cuban Missile Crisis
Beginning of the Sino-Indian War
Arrest of Oleg Pen'kovskii
November Expulsion of Anton Yugov and Valko Chervenkov from the Bulgarian Communist Party
1963
June John F. Kennedy's "Ich bin ein Berliner" speech
August
Signature of the Partial Test Ban Treaty by the U.S.A., the U.K., and the Soviet Union
Nikita Khrushchev's visit to Yugoslavia
November Assassination of John F. Kennedy
December Raising of British legations in Sofia, Budapest, and Bucharest to embassy status
1964
August First Chinese nuclear test
October Replacement of Nikita Khrushchev by Leonid Brezhnev as General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
1965
March Andrei Gromyko's visit to the United Kingdom
Beginning of deployment of American ground forces in South Vietnam
August Beginning of the Second Indo-Pakistani War
September Announcement of significant reforms to the Soviet economy
1966
March Twenty-Third Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
May Start of the Chinese Cultural Revolution
June Charles de Gaulle's visit to the Soviet Union
French withdrawal from NATO command structure
July Harold Wilson's visit to Moscow
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