Metadata

The primary source material has been indexed with additional metadata to supplement The National Archives’ catalogue data. The additional metadata fields, which include people, key events, and keywords, are designed to aid students and researchers to identify documents of relevance to their research, to draw links between documents, and to browse and search according to categories such as subject country and theme.

The core metadata fields derived from The National Archives catalogue are:

Reference
Title
Date
Former Foreign Office Reference
The National Archives Closure Status

The choice of additional metadata fields to supplement this core data was finalized in consultation with the Editorial Board and with focus groups composed of academics and librarians. The following additional fields have been indexed:

Description
Themes
Document Types
Subject Countries
Countries
People
Key Events
Keywords
Language
Notes

Fields for which editorial decisions had to be made to define or restrict the data populated in them, and fields requiring explanation, are detailed below.

Themes

In consultation with the Editorial Board, seventeen key themes were identified by which the documents in the resource could be categorized and described.
Each file has been assigned at least one theme from the following list:

Border Security and Migration
Dissent, Resistance, and Human Rights
Domestic Politics
Economics and Trade
Embassy and Consulate Administration
Industry and Agriculture
International Relations
Key Events
Media and Culture
Military
Populations and Social Policy
Religion
Science and Technology
Second World War Aftermath
Secret Intelligence and Espionage
Sport, Leisure, and Tourism
Youth and Education

Each theme covers a range of topics:

Theme Topics
Border Security and Migration Visas, travel restrictions and closed borders, as well as issues of nationality, migration, refugees, and émigrés
Dissent, Resistance, and Human Rights
Opposition to state control carried out locally or by émigré organisations abroad, including dissent through print publications, protests, strikes, and rebellions, as well as human rights issues relating to these
Domestic Politics
Domestic and communist party politics
Economics and Trade
Economic policy, commercial activity, domestic and international trade, currency and taxation
Embassy and Consulate Administration
Administrative affairs of the U.K. Foreign Office or of her embassies and consulates overseas
Industry and Agriculture
Economic production, food production, and goods manufacturing
International Relations
Political, trade, and cultural relations within and beyond Eastern Europe
Key Events
Key events in Eastern European and Cold War history, including the death of Stalin, the Hungarian Revolution, and the formation of the Warsaw Pact (see below for more details)
Media and Culture
Literature, art, film, and television; media and the press; propaganda and censorship
Military
Military affairs, including military strength estimates, training exercises, operations, as well as weapons development, production, and trade
Populations and Social Policy
Demographic and social issues, including social security, crime, healthcare, demographics, ethnic minorities, and persecutions
Religion
Religious belief, religious groups and minorities, and institutional activities
Science and Technology
Any aspect of scientific research and technology, including nuclear science and the space race
Second World War Aftermath
Post-World War II reparations and restitution, the return of looted treasure and art, and the maintenance of war graves
Secret Intelligence and Espionage
Intelligence and espionage against, in and by East European states, including the activities of East European intelligence agencies, trials of alleged spies, and spy planes
Sport, Leisure, and Tourism
Tourist travel, competitive sports, and leisure activities
Youth and Education
Childhood, youth movements, schools and universities

Document Types

In consultation with the Editorial Board, thirteen document types were identified by which the primary source material could be categorized.

Each file has been indexed according to at least one document type from the following list:

Administrative Records
Correspondence
Financial Records
Legal and Treaty Material
Meeting Minutes
Memoranda
Miscellany
Parliamentary and Official Government Material
Press and Media
Print Publications
Reports
Speeches and Public Statements
Visual Media

Subject Countries

The countries which are the focus of the files in Cold War Eastern Europe are the nine states of Eastern Europe. The majority of files in this resource have therefore been indexed according to one of these subject countries:

Albania
Bulgaria
Czechoslovakia
East Germany
Hungary
Poland
Romania
Soviet Union
Yugoslavia

In addition, some files have been indexed according to the following “subject countries”:

Berlin – for any files on Berlin, East and West
Germany (East and West) – for files that concerned West Germany as well as East Germany
Eastern Europe Region – for files that focus on more than one country
None – for files that do not focus on any specific country

The ‘Subject Countries’ field also operates as a filter on the Explore and search results page, allowing users to limit files according to country of interest.

Countries

In the ‘Countries’ field are indexed any country discussed in a file that is not the subject country of the file. This may include East European states. In this field are also indexed the constituent republics of the former U.S.S.R. and Yugoslavia, such as Ukraine, Georgia, Lithuania, Croatia, and Serbia.

Key Events


The files in Cold War Eastern Europe document a number of key events in East European, Soviet and Cold War history. These include the death of Stalin; the arrest and execution of Beria; the foundation of the Warsaw Pact; the Sino-Soviet Split; Khrushchev’s visit to the U.S.A.; and the Hungarian Revolution.

A full list of key events can be browsed on the timeline, from which users can navigate to relevant events.

Language

The files in Cold War Eastern Europe are predominantly in English, but occasionally contain material in other languages, most notably the languages of East and Central Europe. Files containing material in a language other than English have been indexed according to that language. The full list of languages that appear in the files also operates as a filter on the Explore and search results page, allowing users to limit files according to language. 

Cookies Notification

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Find out more.

Accept